The Stock Exchange of Hong Kong Limited and holds one Stock Exchange Trading Rights: 2619
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Risk Disclosure Statements


The prices of securities fluctuate, sometimes dramatically.The price of a security may move up or down, and may become valueless.It is as likely that losses will be incurred rather than profit made as a result of buying and selling securities.


Growth Enterprise Market (GEM) stocks involve a high investment risk. In particular, companies may list on GEM with neither a track record of profitability nor any obligation to forecast future profitability.GEM stocks may be very volatile and illiquid.

You should make the decision to invest only after due and careful consideration. The greater risk profile and other characteristics of GEM mean that it is a market more suited to professional and other sophisticated investors.

Current information on GEM stocks may only be found on the internet website operated by The Stock Exchange of Hong Kong Limited. GEM Companies are usually not required to issue paid announcements in gazetted newspapers.

You should seek independent professional advice if you are uncertain of or have not understood any aspect of this risk disclosure statement or the nature and risks involved in trading of GEM stocks.


There is risk if you provide the licensed or registered person with an authority that allows it to apply your securities or securities collateral pursuant to a securities borrowing and lending agreement, repledge your securities collateral for financial accommodation or deposit your securities collateral as collateral for the discharge and satisfaction of its settlement obligations and liabilities.

If your securities or securities collateral are received or held by the licensed or registered person in Hong Kong , the above arrangement is allowed only if you consent in writing. Moreover , unless you are a professional investor, your authority must specify the period for which it is current and be limited to not more than 12 months. If you are a professional investor, these restrictions do not apply.

Additionally, your authority may be deemed to be renewed (i.e. without your written consent) if the licensed or registered person issues you a reminder at least 14 days prior to the expiry of the authority, and you do not object to such deemed renewed before the expiry dat your then existing authority.

You are not required by any law to sign these authorities.But an authority may be required by licensed or registered persons, for example, to facilitate margin lending to you or to allow your securities or securities collateral to be lent to or deposited as collateral with third parties. The licensed or registered person should explain to you the purposes for which one of these authorities is to be used.

If you sign one of these authorities and your securities or securities collateral are lent to or deposited with parties, those third parties will have a lien or charge on your securities or securities collateral. Although the licensed or registered person is responsible to you for securities or securities collateral lent or deposited under your authority, default by it could result in the loss or your securities or securities collateral.

A cash account not involving securities borrowing and lending is available from most licensed or registered persons.If you do not require margin facilities or do not wish your securities or securities collateral to be lent or pledged, do not sign the above authorities and ask to open this type of cash account.


The risk of loss in financing a transaction by deposit of collateral is significant. You may sustain losses in excess of your cash and any other assets deposited as collateral with the licensed or registered person.Market conditions may make it impossible to execute contingent orders, such as "stop-loss" or "stop-limit" orders. You may be called upon at short notice to make additional margin deposits or interest payments.If the required margin deposits or interest payments are not made within the prescribed time, your collateral may be liquidated without your consent.Moreover, you will remain liable for any resulting deficit in your account and interest charged on your account.You should therefore carefully consider whether such a financing arrangement is suitable in light of your own financial position and investment objectives.


The securities under the Nasdaq-Amex Pilot Program (PP) are aimed at sophisticated investors.You should consult the licensed or registered person and become familiarised with the PP before trading in the PP securities.You should be aware that the PP securities are not regulated as a primary or secondary listing on the Main Board or the Growth Enterprise Market of The Stock Exchange of Hong Kong Limited.


Before you begin to trade, you should obtain a clear explanation of all commission, fees and other charges for which you will be liable.These charges will affect your net profit (if any) or increase your loss.


The profit or loss in transactions in foreign currency-denominated contracts (whether they are traded in your own or another jurisdiction) will be affected by fluctuations in currency rates where there is a need to convert from the currency denomination of the contract to another currency.


Electronic trading facilities are supported by computer-based component systems for the order-routing, execution, matching, registration or clearing of trades.As with all facilities and systems, they are vulnerable to temporary disruption or failure.Your ability to recover certain losses may be subject to limits on liability imposed by the system provider, the market, the clearing house and/or participant firms.Such limits may vary: you should ask the firm with which you deal for details in this respect.


In some jurisdictions, and only then in restricted circumstances, firms are permitted to effect off-exchange transactions.The firm with which you deal may be acting as your counter-party to the transaction.It may be difficult or impossible to liquidate an existing position, to assess the value, to determine a fair price or to assess the exposure to risk.For these reasons, these transactions may involve increased risks.Off exchange transactions may be less regulated or subject to a separate regulatory regime. Before you undertake such transactions, you should familiarize yourself with applicable rules and attendant risks.